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Appointment Contraception Packages & Vaccination Screening Dictionary Screening Preparation Screening Guidelines LPA & AMD
 

Wellness Centre

Contraception  
 
METHOD DESCRIPTION PROS CONS EFFECTIVE-NESS AVAILABLE AT AHP
Pill Tablet taken daily for 3 weeks / month to prevent release of eggs. - Regulates menses
- Reduces menses flow & cramps
- Reduces acne & premenstrual symptoms
- Reduces risk of ovary and womb cancer
- Compliance
- No protection against STD
- Occasional nausea, blood clot
98-99% Yes
Patch Thin patch affixed to abdomen/arm/ thigh/buttock to prevent release of eggs. Patch to be changed weekly – 3 times / month. - Regulates menses
- Reduces menses flow & cramps
- Reduces acne & premenstrual symptoms
- Reduces risk of ovary and womb cancer
- Compliance
- No protection against STD
- Occasional nausea, blood clot
98-99% Yes
Injection Injection in arm/buttock every 3 months to prevent release of eggs. - Convenient
- Reduces heavy, painful menses
- Reduces risk of womb cancer
- Scanty/ irregular/ no menses
- No protection against STD
- Occasional weight gain
98-99% Yes
Intra- uterine device(IUCD)-Mirena (hormonal) A small, soft device that is inserted into the womb. It releases tiny dose of hormone into the system over 5 years. It prevents ovulation & fertilization of eggs. - Convenient & comfortable
- Suitable for long term contraception
- Easily reversible with removal of device
- Suitable for breastfeeding
- Reduces menses flow & cramps
- Scanty / irregular / no menses
- No protection against STD
- May rarely fall out
99% No
Intra-uterine device (IUCD) – non hormonal A small, soft device with copper that is inserted into the womb – to last for 3 / 5 years.It prevents fertilization of eggs. - Convenient & comfortable
- Suitable for long term contraception & emergency contraception
- Suitable for breastfeeding
- May cause heavy menses and cramps
- No protection against STD
99% No
Hormonal implant Soft plastic rod with hormone that is inserted under the skin of upper arm – to last for 3-5 years. - Convenient & comfortable
- Suitable for long term contraception
- Suitable for breastfeeding
- Reduce heavy, painful menses
- Scanty / irregular / no menses
- No protection against STD
- May cause weight gain
- Requires minor surgery
99% No
Condom Latex / polyurethane sheath that fits over the erect penis – to prevent the entry of sperms. - Prevents STD and pregnancy
- Easily available
- Possibility of allergy to latex
- May break
- May disrupt lovemaking
86% No
Ligation Keyhole surgery to close the fallopian tubes – to prevent eggs from moving to the womb. - Suitable for couples who are sure about not having children - Permanent – not easily reversible
- No protection against STD
99.5% No
Vasectomy Surgery for men - to cut the ducts that carry sperm. - Ejaculation (no sperm), libido and sexual performance are not affected
- Suitable for couples who are sure about not having children
- Permanent – not easily reversible 99.5% No
Rhythm method Based on calculation of the menstrual cycle & abstinence during fertile period. - Natural - Problem of irregular periods will increase the failure rate
- No protection against STD
76%  
Withdrawal Man withdraws penis before ejaculation. - Natural - High failure rate as pre-ejaculate may contain sperm
- May decrease sexual pleasure
- Difficult to predict ejaculation
- No control by women
72%  
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